Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Increases in primary opioid use disorder diagnoses co-occurring with anxiety or depressive disorder diagnoses in mental health treatment in the United States, 2015-2019.

BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorders (OUDs) often co-occur with anxiety and depressive disorders. While the proportion of mental health (MH) treatment facilities providing substance use treatment has increased, the proportion of these facilities able to simultaneously treat MH and substance use decreased. This warrants investigation into the integrated treatment needs of persons with a primary OUD diagnosis treated in MH treatment facilities.

METHODS: Using the Mental Health Client Level Data, we examined a sample of N = 83,975 adults with OUD as their primary diagnosis who received treatment from a MH treatment facility in the United States from 2015 to 2019. Joinpoint regression was used to examine annual trends of the number of individuals with co-occurring anxiety or depression diagnoses.

RESULTS: Most of the sample were men (53.7%) and received treatment in a community-based program (93.3%). Approximately 17% of the sample had either an anxiety or depressive disorder diagnosis. Approximately 9% of our sample had an anxiety disorder diagnosis, and 10% had a depressive disorder diagnosis. An increase in the number of individuals with a co-occurring anxiety disorder diagnosis from 2015 to 2019 was identified (annual percent change (APC) = 61.4; 95% confidence interval (CI) = [10.0, 136.9]; p =.029). An increase in the number of individuals with a co-occurring depressive disorder diagnosis from 2015 to 2019 was identified (APC = 39.0; 95% CI = [7.4; 79.9]; p =.027).

CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights increases in adults receiving MH treatment for OUD having co-occurring anxiety or depression diagnoses, furthering the importance of integrated dual disorder treatment.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app