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Weight loss associated with semaglutide treatment among people with HIV.

AIDS 2023 November 18
OBJECTIVE: There is limited real-world evidence about the effectiveness of semaglutide for weight loss among people with HIV (PWH). We aimed to investigate weight change in a US cohort of PWH who initiated semaglutide treatment.

DESIGN: Observational study using the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS) cohort.

METHODS: We identified adult PWH who initiated semaglutide between 2018 and 2022 and with at least two weight measurements. The primary outcome was within-person bodyweight change in kilograms at 1 year. The secondary outcome was within-person Hemoglobin A1c percentage (HbA1c) change. Both outcomes were estimated using multivariable linear mixed model.

RESULTS: In total, 222 new users of semaglutide met inclusion criteria. Mean follow-up was 1.1 years. Approximately 75% of new semaglutide users were men, and at baseline, mean age was 53 years [standard deviation (SD): 10], average weight was 108 kg (SD: 23), mean BMI was 35.5 kg/m2, mean HbA1c was 7.7% and 77% had clinically recognized diabetes. At baseline, 97% were on ART and 89% were virally suppressed (viral load < 50 copies/ml). In the adjusted mixed model analysis, treatment with semaglutide was associated with an average weight loss of 6.47 kg at 1 year (95% CI -7.67 to -5.18) and with a reduction in HbA1c of 1.07% at 1 year (95% CI -1.64 to -0.50) among the 157 PWH with a postindex HbA1c value.

CONCLUSION: Semaglutide was associated with significant weight loss and HbA1c reduction among PWH, comparable to results of previous studies from the general population.

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