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Prevalence and associated factors of undiagnosed hypertension among women aged 15-49 years in India: an analysis of National Family Health Survey-4 data.

Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases globally. Fortunately, there is a vast armamentarium of effective therapeutic options at our disposal so undiagnosed hypertension represents a missed opportunity. In a previous analysis [1] of the NFHS-4 dataset for the prevalence and risk factors for undiagnosed hypertension and its associated risk factors among Indian women aged 15-49 years, we had overestimated prevalence by inclusion of self-reported cases. We have since retracted when this anomaly was highlighted [2]. We have now re-analyzed the same database and here present these data. The current analysis shows that the overall prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension was 8.05% among women aged 15-49 years in India. In rural areas, it was 7.89% compared with 8.38% for urban areas. Factors associated with undiagnosed hypertension in rural and urban areas were age, BMI, wealth quintiles, educational level, religion, caste and geographical zones. Nearly half the women aged 15-49 years in India with hypertension are unaware and this has implications for personal and reproductive health.

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