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Enhancing meningioma resection: a comprehensive study on the safety and effectiveness of Onyx™ presurgical embolization.

Neurosurgical Review 2023 November 16
Presurgical embolization (PE) has emerged as an interesting strategy to help turn brain tumor resection more amenable. This study aims to systematically review the safety and effectiveness of Onyx™ PE in meningioma resection. We followed Cochrane Collaboration and PRISMA for systematic review and meta-analysis, querying PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase databases. Major complications were defined as other artery occlusion, visual deficits due to PE, or non temporary nerve damage, while minor included transitory conditions and others without clinical implications. A total of 186 patients were included, in which 120 were WHO grade I (80%), II (16%), and III (4%). Patient baseline characteristics and complications were distributed in groups without or with individual patient data analysis. Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis (IPDMA) was performed on the last category, comprising 51 meningiomas that underwent Onyx™ PE. Among available data, 70%, 17%, and 13% were WHO grade I, II, and III, respectively. Considering all studies, tumor characteristics regarding grade underscored a certain homogeneity. Complications occurred at a rate of 9% (95% CI, 4 to 14%; I2  = 35%), with the rate of major complications significantly lower at only 1% (95% CI, 0 to 3%; I2  = 32%), whereas of minor complications was 7% (95% CI, 3 to 10%; I2  = 0%). Mean surgery blood loss was 668.7 (95% CI, 534.9 to 835.8; I2  = 0%) in IPDMA. Onyx™ PE is promising for safer surgical meningioma resection, despite limitations. Further studies are required to validate efficacy, enhance patient selection, and refine techniques.

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