Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

An assessment of factors associated with early postoperative stiffness in arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

ANZ Journal of Surgery 2023 November 13
BACKGROUND: Postoperative stiffness affects up to 20% of patients following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Recent evidence indicates that early postoperative stiffness may associated with lower retear rates. This study aimed to identify the independent predictors of early postoperative stiffness.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 1526 rotator cuff repairs was performed. Range of motion at 6-week postop was used to identify stiff patients. Stiffness was defined as external rotation <27.5o or forward flexion <145o . Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent predictors of 6-week stiffness.

RESULTS: The independent predictors for external rotation stiffness at 6-week postop were more recent cases (Wald = 60), restricted preoperative external rotation (Wald = 36), younger age (Wald = 21) and poorer surgeon-ranked tissue quality (Wald = 15). The independent predictors for forward flexion stiffness were more recent cases (Wald = 101), restricted preoperative forward flexion (Wald = 16) and external rotation (Wald = 13) and female patients (Wald = 12). All patients that developed early postoperative stiffness had recovered range of motion by 6 months to preoperative levels (P < 0.0001). A significantly greater proportion of younger patients (40-49) developed postoperative stiffness when compared to older patients aged 50-59 (P < 0.0062), 70-79 (P < 0.0126) and 80-89 (P < 0.004). Patients that retore had significantly greater average 6-week postoperative range of motion.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients earlier in the study were found to have greater postoperative range of motion, which coincided with a more aggressive rehabilitation program with less immobilization. Thus, the data supports the hypothesis that a temporary period of shoulder stiffness facilitates tendon repair and ultimately a better outcome post rotator cuff repair.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app