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Evaluation of the Characteristics of Ovarian Endometriomas in Patients with Endometriosis: Efficacy of a Low-Dose Estrogen/Progestogen Combination.

OBJECTIVES: Approximately 17-44% of women diagnosed with endometriosis have ovarian endometriomas (cysts). Although ovarian endometriomas may adversely affect quality of life and work performance, the associations among patient characteristics, cyst size, and pain in women with endometriosis have not yet been reported. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the association among age, cyst size, and pain in women with ovarian endometriomas.

DESIGN: This was a retrospective secondary analysis of pooled data from six randomized clinical trials on the use of low-dose estrogen/progestogen drugs for endometriosis.

PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, AND METHODS: Data on 491 patients enrolled in four randomized and two nonrandomized trials between 2003 and 2017 were pooled. None of the participants had undergone surgical treatment before trial participation. We examined differences in dysmenorrhea score, menstrual pain score, analgesic score, and pelvic pain, as measured using a visual analog scale (VAS), by age and endometrioma size.

RESULTS: The mean dysmenorrhea, menstrual pain, and analgesic scores were 4.2, 2.2, and 2.0, respectively. The mean VAS for pelvic pain was 55, which decreased significantly with an increase in age. Age was not associated with endometrioma size, including volume and maximum diameter, or dysmenorrhea score. Additionally, endometrioma volume and maximum diameter were not associated with menstrual pain, analgesic score, or pelvic pain.

LIMITATIONS: The details of past treatment history were not available; therefore, these could not be considered in the analysis. Additionally, the assessment of pain is heavily influenced by psychological factors, making it difficult to assess the true extent of pain.

CONCLUSIONS: Endometrioma size was not associated with dysmenorrhea or pelvic pain measured using the VAS.

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