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Diagnostic value of a computer-assisted diagnosis system for the ultrasound features in thyroid nodules.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic value of the TUIAS (SW_TH01/II) computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) software system for the ultrasound Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) features in thyroid nodules.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients with thyroid nodules in Shanghai East Hospital between January 2017 and October 2021. The novel CAD software (SW_TH01/II) and three sonographers performed a qualitative analysis of the ultrasound TI-RADS features in aspect ratio, margin irregularity, margin smoothness, calcification, and echogenicity of the thyroid nodules.

RESULTS: A total of 225 patients were enrolled. The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the CAD software in "aspect ratio" were 95.6%, 96.2%, and 95.4%, in "margin irregularity" were 90.7%, 90.5%, and 90.9%, in "margin smoothness" were 85.8%, 88.5%, and 83.0%, in "calcification" were 83.6%, 81.7%, and 82.0%, in "homogeneity" were 88.9%, 90.6%, and 82.2%, in "major echo" were 85.3%, 88.0%, and 85.4%, and in "contains very hypoechoic echo" were 92.0%, 90.0%, and 92.4%. The analysis time of the CAD software was significantly shorter than for the sonographers (2.7 ± 1.6 vs. 29.7 ± 12.7 s, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: The CAD system achieved high accuracy in describing thyroid nodule features. It might assist in clinical thyroid nodule analysis.

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