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Quality of Life after Pars Plana Vitrectomy, Scleral Buckle, or Pneumatic Retinopexy for Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: A Meta-Analysis.

Current Eye Research 2023 November 9
PURPOSE: Comparisons of the surgical and anatomic results of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery have been investigated previously. A systematic evaluation of the available evidence comparing quality of life outcomes of either pars plana vitrectomy, scleral buckling, or pneumatic retinopexy has not been evaluated to date. This article analyzes whether pars plana vitrectomy, scleral buckling, or pneumatic retinopexy for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment results in differing quality of life outcomes.

METHODS: In February of 2022, a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, and Cochrane Library was conducted for studies on patients treated surgically for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and included follow-up measurements of quality of life outcomes. Meta-analysis was completed using STATA v. 14.0. The main outcomes of interest were the mean vision-related quality of life score (VRQOL) and SD of VRQOL of each type of surgical procedure.

RESULTS: In this systematic review of 13 distinct trials including follow-up of patient quality of life after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery ( n  = 1063), a better correlation was found between higher quality of life outcomes with scleral buckling than with pars plana vitrectomy (SMD = 0.62, CI: [0.31, 0.93]). There was also no signficant difference in quality of life outcomes between pneumatic retinopexy and pars plana vitrectomy (SMD = 0.08, CI: [-0.07, 0.22]).

CONCLUSIONS: Scleral buckling results in better quality of life outcomes for patients when compared to pars plana vitrectomy. Pneumatic retinopexy did not show a difference in quality of life outcomes compared to pars plana vitrectomy.

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