Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effects of high-intensity gait training with and without soft robotic exosuits in people post-stroke: a development-of-concept pilot crossover trial.

INTRODUCTION: High-intensity gait training is widely recognized as an effective rehabilitation approach after stroke. Soft robotic exosuits that enhance post-stroke gait mechanics have the potential to improve the rehabilitative outcomes achieved by high-intensity gait training. The objective of this development-of-concept pilot crossover study was to evaluate the outcomes achieved by high-intensity gait training with versus without soft robotic exosuits.

METHODS: In this 2-arm pilot crossover study, four individuals post-stroke completed twelve visits of speed-based, high-intensity gait training: six consecutive visits of Robotic Exosuit Augmented Locomotion (REAL) gait training and six consecutive visits without the exosuit (CONTROL). The intervention arms were counterbalanced across study participants and separated by 6 + weeks of washout. Walking function was evaluated before and after each intervention using 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance and 10-m walk test (10mWT) speed. Moreover, 10mWT speeds were evaluated before each training visit, with the time-course of change in walking speed computed for each intervention arm. For each participant, changes in each outcome were compared to minimal clinically-important difference (MCID) thresholds. Secondary analyses focused on changes in propulsion mechanics and associated biomechanical metrics.

RESULTS: Large between-group effects were observed for 6MWT distance (d = 1.41) and 10mWT speed (d = 1.14). REAL gait training resulted in an average pre-post change of 68 ± 27 m (p = 0.015) in 6MWT distance, compared to a pre-post change of 30 ± 16 m (p = 0.035) after CONTROL gait training. Similarly, REAL training resulted in a pre-post change of 0.08 ± 0.03 m/s (p = 0.012) in 10mWT speed, compared to a pre-post change of 0.01 ± 06 m/s (p = 0.76) after CONTROL. For both outcomes, 3 of 4 (75%) study participants surpassed MCIDs after REAL training, whereas 1 of 4 (25%) surpassed MCIDs after CONTROL training. Across the training visits, REAL training resulted in a 1.67 faster rate of improvement in walking speed. Similar patterns of improvement were observed for the secondary gait biomechanical outcomes, with REAL training resulting in significantly improved paretic propulsion for 3 of 4 study participants (p < 0.05) compared to 1 of 4 after CONTROL.

CONCLUSION: Soft robotic exosuits have the potential to enhance the rehabilitative outcomes produced by high-intensity gait training after stroke. Findings of this development-of-concept pilot crossover trial motivate continued development and study of the REAL gait training program.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app