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An update of oncologic and obstetric outcomes of radical trachelectomy for early-stage cervical cancer: The need for further minimally invasive treatment.

AIMS: To investigate the oncologic and obstetric outcomes of radical trachelectomy (RT) in patients with early-stage cervical cancer and to evaluate the potential role of fertility-preserving treatments in improving pregnancy outcomes while oncologic status is stable.

METHODS: In this single-institution study, we analyzed the oncologic and obstetric outcomes of 67 patients with early-stage cervical cancer who underwent RT at Nagoya University Hospital.

RESULTS: The cancer recurrence rate (6.0%) and the mortality rate (1.5%) were comparable with those of previous studies. Of the 46 patients who attempted to conceive after RT, 19 (41.3%) became pregnant, and 16 gave birth. Of these 37.5% delivered at term, and delivery at less than 28 weeks of gestation occurred in 31.3% of pregnancies.

CONCLUSIONS: RT is a viable treatment option for selected patients with early-stage cervical cancer. However, the use of less invasive techniques, such as conization/simple trachelectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection, may improve pregnancy outcomes while oncologic status is stable.

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