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A Novel Truncating Mutation in PAX1 Gene Causes Otofaciocervical Syndrome Without Immunodeficiency.

Otofaciocervical syndrome (OTFCS) is a rare genetic disorder of both autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance. It is caused by biallelic or monoallelic mutations in PAX1 or EYA1 genes, respectively. Here, we report an OTFCS2 female patient of 1st consanguineous healthy parents. She manifested facial dysmorphism, hearing loss, intellectual disability (ID), and delayed language development (DLD) as the main clinical phenotype. The novel homozygous variant c.1212dup (p.Gly405Argfs*51) in the PAX1 gene was identified by whole exome sequencing (WES), and family segregation confirmed the heterozygous status of the mutation in the parents using the Sanger sequencing. The study recorded a novel PAX1 variant representing the sixth report of OTFCS2 worldwide and the first Egyptian study expanding the geographic area where the disorder was confined.

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