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Unveiling a new era with liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry to enhance parathyroid hormone measurement in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Kidney International 2023 October 32
Precise determination of circulating parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration is crucial to diagnose and manage various disease conditions, including the chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder. However, the lack of standardization in PTH assays is challenging for clinicians, potentially leading to medical errors because the different assays do not provide equivalent results and use different reference ranges. Here, we aimed to evaluate the impact of recalibrating PTH immunoassays by means of a recently developed LC-MS/MS method as the reference. Utilizing a large panel of pooled plasma samples with PTH concentrations determined by the LC-MS/MS method calibrated with the World Health Organization (WHO) 95/646 International Standard, five PTH immunoassays were recalibrated. The robustness of this standardization was evaluated over time using different sets of samples. The recalibration successfully reduced inter-assay variability with harmonization of PTH measurements across different assays. By recalibrating the assays based on the WHO 95/646 International Standard, we demonstrated the feasibility for standardizing PTH measurement results and adopting common reference ranges for PTH assays, facilitating a more consistent interpretation of PTH values. The recalibration process aligns PTH results obtained from various immunoassays with the LC-MS/MS method, providing more consistent and reliable measurements. Thus, establishing true standardization across all PTH assays is crucial to ensure consistent interpretation and clinical decision-making.

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