JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
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Prehospital factors associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes in a metropolitan city: a 4-year multicenter study.

BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 October 27
BACKGROUND: Prehospital factors play a vital role in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivability, and they vary between countries and regions. We investigated the prehospital factors associated with OHCA outcomes in a single metropolitan city in the Republic of Korea.

METHODS: This study included adult medical OHCA patients enrolled prospectively, using data from the citywide OHCA registry for patients registered between 2018 and 2021. The primary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the factors associated with the study population's clinical outcomes, adjusting for covariates. We performed a sensitivity analysis for clinical outcomes only for patients without prehospital return of spontaneous circulation prior to emergency medical service departure from the scene.

RESULTS: In multivariable logistic regression analysis, older age (odds ratio [OR] 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-0.97), endotracheal intubation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.29; 95% [CIs] 0.17-0.51), supraglottic airway (aOR 0.29; 95% CI 0.17-0.51), prehospital mechanical chest compression device use (OR 0.13; 95% CI 0.08-0.18), and longer scene time interval (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.93-1.00) were negatively associated with survival. Shockable rhythm (OR 24.54; 95% CI 12.99-42.00), pulseless electrical activity (OR 3.11; 95% CI 1.74-5.67), and witnessed cardiac arrest (OR 1.59; 95% CI 1.07-2.38) were positively associated with survival. In the sensitivity analysis, endotracheal intubation, supraglottic airway, prehospital mechanical chest compression device use, and longer scene time intervals were associated with significantly lower survival to hospital discharge.

CONCLUSIONS: Regional resuscitation protocol should be revised based on the results of this study, and modifiable prehospital factors associated with lower survival of OHCA should be improved.

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