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Serodiagnosis of human brucellosis by an indirect ELISA test using recombinant outer membrane protein 19 kDa (rOMP19) as an antigen.

BMC Biotechnology 2023 October 25
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis remains one of the global health concerns that reemerges in recent years. Delayed or inaccurate diagnosis end to a long treatment duration and financial burden; therefore, finding a good antigen for detection of specific anti-Brucella antibodies is crucial. We intended to evaluate the serodiagnosis value of recombinant Brucella outer membrane protein 19 kDa (rOMP19) using indirect ELISA system compared with Rose Bengal test.

RESULTS: The OMP19 sequence was successfully cloned into pET-28a and produced in E. coli cells (DE3). After extraction and purification of rOMP19, this protein was used for designing indirect ELISA to detect anti-Brucella antibodies in 73 human sera, including 6 brucellosis-positive and 67 brucellosis-negative samples. The accuracy of rOMP19 ELISA was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and then compared with Rose Bengal plate test and a commercial anti-IgG Brucella ELISA kit. In comparison with Rose Bengal plate test, the area under the ROC curve was 0.985 (95% CI, 0.96-1.00). From coordinates of the curve, the optimal cut-off value was selected at 0.147, in which the diagnostic sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 94%. At this cut-off point, 10 samples were diagnosed as positive (6 true positives and 4 false positives), while negative samples were all correctly diagnosed. The results of our designed rOMP19 ELISA was the same as data obtained from commercial ELISA kit, which applied LPS as an antigen.

CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that OMP19 is an efficient antigen for the serodiagnosis of human brucellosis.

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