Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Combinations and Temporal Associations Among Precursor Symptoms Before a First Episode of Psychosis.

Schizophrenia Bulletin 2023 October 21
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Symptoms that precede a first episode of psychosis (FEP) can ideally be targeted by early intervention services with the aim of preventing or delaying psychosis onset. However, these precursor symptoms emerge in combinations and sequences that do not rest fully within traditional diagnostic categories. To advance our understanding of illness trajectories preceding FEP, we aimed to investigate combinations and temporal associations among precursor symptoms.

STUDY DESIGN: Participants were from PEPP-Montréal, a catchment-based early intervention program for FEP. Through semistructured interviews, collateral from relatives, and a review of health and social records, we retrospectively measured the presence or absence of 29 precursor symptoms, including 9 subthreshold psychotic and 20 nonpsychotic symptoms. Sequences of symptoms were derived from the timing of the first precursor symptom relative to the onset of FEP.

STUDY RESULTS: The sample included 390 participants (68% men; age range: 14-35 years). Combinations of precursor symptoms most frequently featured depression, anxiety, and substance use. Of 256 possible pairs of initial and subsequent precursor symptoms, many had asymmetrical associations: eg, when the first symptom was suspiciousness, the incidence rate ratio (IRR) of subsequent anxiety was 3.40 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.79, 6.46), but when the first symptom was anxiety, the IRR of subsequent suspiciousness was 1.15 (95% CI: 0.77, 1.73).

CONCLUSIONS: A detailed examination of precursor symptoms reveals diverse clinical profiles that cut across diagnostic categories and evolve longitudinally prior to FEP. Their identification may contribute to risk assessments and provide insights into the mechanisms of illness progression.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app