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Differential expression of zinc finger CCHC-type superfamily proteins in thyroid carcinoma and their associations with tumor immunity.

Thyroid Research 2023 October 18
BACKGROUND: The zinc-finger CCHC-type (ZCCHC) superfamily proteins are characterized by the shared sequence CX2-CX4-HX4-C and thought to own high affinity to single-stranded nucleic acids, particularly RNAs. In humans, a total of 24 ZCCHC proteins have been annotated in the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC, ) database with most of these members involved in multiple steps of RNA metabolism. Many studies have indicated that the ZCCHC genes play a regulatory role in the development and progression of solid tumors. To date, the expression pattern and prognostic value of ZCCHC factors in thyroid carcinomas have not been reported.

METHODS: Bioinformatics analyses on the functions of ZCCHC factors in thyroid carcinoma (THCA) patients were performed based on various databases, i.e., TCGA, GEPIA, Kaplan-Meier Plotter, and TIMER.

RESULTS: Compared with normal tissues, the expression of ZCCHC12 mRNA was significantly increased in THCA tissues. And it was associated with the overall survival of THCA patients, based on the Kaplan-Meier Plotter database. Furthermore, the expression levels of all ZCCHCs were correlated with tumor stages, implying its high relevance to THCA, specifically its immunity.

CONCLUSION: The ZCCHC genes, represented by ZCCHC12, are differentially expressed in THCA staging. These genes are associated with immune infiltration of THCA and identified as the potential therapeutic targets for immunotherapy in THCA patients, which are possible novel biomarkers for the treatment of THCA.

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