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Epithelioid Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Sarcoma With Poor Response to Crizotinib: A Case Report.

INTRODUCTION: Epithelioid type inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma (EIMS) is a subtype of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). It consists of round or epithelioid cells, and almost all types of EIMS contain rearrangements of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene.

CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 20-year-old female presenting with abdominal pain and a rapidly growing intraabdominal mass who underwent surgical tumor resection. She was diagnosed with EIMS. ALK and ki-67 expressions were detected in immunohistochemistry assessment. She was started with Crizotinib 200 mg twice a day, and chemotherapy was also initiated due to the recurrence of the disease 4 months after the initial treatment. She was unresponsive to all the medical regimens and died in 8 months.

CONCLUSION: Approach to patients with EIMS is really challenging in terms of both diagnosis and treatment. Patients with combined surgical and non-surgical treatment regimen were seen to have a more favorable outcome in some EIMS cases. Therefore, it is essential to implement a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose and treat patients suspicious of EIMS.

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