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Comperative evaluation of the current and new design miniplate fixation techniques of the advanced sagittal split ramus osteotomy using three-dimensional finite element analysis.

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress occurring in the fixation systems both developed in various geometric designs for this study and currently used in sagittal split ramus advancement osteotomy using finite element analysis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The finite element model that imitates three-dimensional sagittal split advancement osteotomy was fixed in 10 different miniplate fixation methods: one miniplate fixed with four monocortical screws in a horizontal and oblique pattern; four-hole two miniplates with eight monocortical screws; five-hole miniplate fixed with four monocortical and one bicortical screws; six-hole straight and curved miniplates fixed with six monocortical screws in different geometric designs. Unilateral masticatory muscle loads that have previously determined in the literature were applied to the model at the anatomical muscle attachment regions and the data obtained from finite element analysis and static linear analysis methods were recorded as Von mises, maximum principle and minimum principle stress values.

RESULTS: It was observed from the results that maximum stress occurred in Group 1, which consisted of double backward T-shaped miniplate with 6-holes and, minimum stress occured in group 10, which mimiced hybrid system with one miniplate and four monocortical and one bicortical screws.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results, the stress on the miniplates changes according to the geometric designs and the stress on the miniplate decreases as the numbers of miniplates and bars increase. The hybrid miniplate may be preferred by the surgeon as it will be exposed to less stress in excessive mandibular advancements by using the advantages of both the miniplate and the bicortical screw.

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