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Distinctive magnetic resonance imaging features in primary central nervous system lymphoma: A case report.

World Journal of Radiology 2023 September 29
BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare malignant tumor originating from the lymphatic hematopoietic system. It exhibits unique imaging manifestations due to its biological characteristics.

CASE SUMMARY: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI), and magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed. The imaging findings showed multiple space-occupying lesions with low signal on T1-weighted imaging, uniform high signal on T2-weighted imaging, and obvious enhancement on contrast-enhanced scans. DWI revealed diffusion restriction, PWI demonstrated hypoperfusion, and spectroscopy showed elevated choline peak and decreased N-acetylaspartic acid. The patient's condition significantly improved after hormone shock therapy.

CONCLUSION: This case highlights the distinctive imaging features of PCNSL and their importance in accurate diagnosis and management.

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