CLINICAL TRIAL
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Serum aldosterone in right ventricular failure versus left ventricular failure before and after mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists: case-control clinical trial.

Acta Cardiologica 2023 December
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a global growing health threat. This case-control clinical trial aimed to detect the predictive value and difference in aldosterone level between right side heart failure, heart failure with decreased ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and compare the efficacy and safety of adding mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) for treatment.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited 151 participants, 135 HF patients divided equally into 45 patients in each group:(1) right side HF (2) HFrEF and (3) HFpEF and 16 healthy controls. Serum aldosterone, troponin and echocardiography were evaluated at the beginning of the study, three and six months after administration of MRA.

RESULTS: Aldosterone level was significantly greater in HF patients relative to controls. Aldosterone level can detect HF with excellent accuracy. There were significantly lower levels of aldosterone in right side HF compared to left side HF. There was a significant decrease in right ventricle dimensions, pulmonary artery systolic pressure and pulmonary artery size and significant increase in tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion after treatment in patients with right side HF. In the HFrEF group, there was a significant decrease in left ventricular end diastolic dimension and a significant increase in left ventricular EF after treatment. In the HFpEF group, there was a significant decrease in E/A and E/e' after treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Aldosterone may have pathogenic role in HF. Measuring and follow-up of aldosterone levels should be considered in HF patients. MRA treatment gives a significant improvement in right side HF group.

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