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Obstructive - Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: differences and predictors.

Acta Cardiologica 2023 October 10
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM) is a genetic cardiomyopathy with a prevalence of 1/500 and causes adverse outcomes, usually due to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.

AIM: In this study, we aimed to determine the possible differences and predictors of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy HCM (Obs-HCM) and nonobstructive HCM (Nonobs-HCM) by electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic (ECHO) evaluations with clinical, demographic, and biochemical characteristics.

METHODS: This study is a subgroup analysis of a multicentre, national, and observational 'LVH-TR study' that included 886 left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH) patients in 22 centres between February 2020 and August 2021. After excluding six patients with atrial fibrillation, pace rhythm, bundle branch blocks, and second, and third-degree atrioventricular(AV) block, 60 HCM patients were included, 23 of whom were obstructive, and 37 were nonobstructive.

RESULTS: Body surface area(BSA) (2.01 ± 0.17, 1.89 ± 0.19; p  = .01), ST-segment depression (%82.6, %54.1; p  = .02), QT and QTc durations (436.3 ± 58.3, 398.0 ± 65.5; p  = .02/470.6 ± 58.7, 432.8 ± 74.7; p  = .04), left ventricular mass index(LVMI) (176.4 ± 47.0, 152.7 ± 10.2; p  = .004), and systolic anterior motion(SAM) rates (%82.6, %18.9; p  < 0.001) were significantly higher in the obstructive HCM compared to nonobstructive HCM. Furthermore, the significance of ST-segment depression, QT duration, LVMI, and SAM continued in the univariate analyses to assess obstruction prediction (all p values < .05).

CONCLUSION: In multivariate and correlation analyses, ST segment depression ( rho  = 0.29), QT prolongation ( rho  = 0.34), and SAM ( rho  = 0.62) are found as predictors for obstruction (all p values < .05). Our study will guide future studies since it has detailed ECG and ECHO comparisons of Obs-HCM and Nonobs-HCM patients over 18 are made.

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