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Effect of age and sex on hematological and biochemical parameters in Chinese rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) anesthetized with ketamine.

OBJECTIVE: Rhesus monkeys are increasingly used in biomedical research, which makes their hematological and biochemical parameters increasingly important in preclinical research. Since age and sex can influence blood parameters, establishing reference intervals for such parameters based on age and sex becomes along with identifying the effect of age and sex on those parameters.

METHODS: A total of 1385 healthy Chinese rhesus monkeys (548 males and 837 females) anesthetized with ketamine were selected and segregated by age (six groups) and sex. A total of 21 hematological and 26 biochemical parameters were measured, and the effects of age and sex were analyzed.

RESULTS: We established baseline indices for hematological and biochemical parameters based on age and sex, separately, and observed significant impacts of age, sex, and age-sex interactions on blood parameters. Among different age groups, significant differences were found in WBC, NEUT%, LYM%, EO%, LYM#, EO#, MCV, RDW-CV, PLT, MPV, PDW, PCT, TP, Alb, GLB, A/G, ALT, AST, ALP, TBIL, GGT, BUN, Cre, GLU, CK, TRIG, LDL, HCY, IL-6 FOL, Vit B12, VIT D-T, PTH, and AMH. Additionally, significant differences were observed in RBC, HGB, HCT, MPV, Alb, BUN, Cre, GLU, CHOL, TRIG, HDL, LDL, HCY, and VIT D-T between the two sexes. An age-sex interaction exerted a significant effect on WBC, NEUT#, MCV, MCHC, PDW, GLB, ALP, Cre, CHOL, TRIG, HDL, LDL, HCY, IL-6, Vit B12, VIT D-T. However, neither age, sex, and age-sex interactions exerted significant effects on MO%, MOMO#, MCH, RDW-SD, CRP, and CT.

CONCLUSION: Our study investigated the blood parameters of rhesus monkeys to provide a reference basis for rhesus monkey-related scientific experimental research.

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