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Provider Perceptions of a Novel Inpatient Co-Rounding Model Integrating Medical Oncology, Neuro-Oncology, and Radiation Oncology for the Care of Patients with Advanced Cancer.

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Patients (pts) with advanced cancer require interdisciplinary care. Although tumor boards are well-established in the outpatient setting, few studies have evaluated interventions for improving consultative care coordination for hospitalized pts with cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel inpatient co-rounding model of care in which medical-, neuro-, and radiation-oncology consult teams rounded jointly, with the hypothesis that primary referring team perception of the alignment of the recommendations from these consult services would improve post-implementation.

MATERIALS/METHODS: An inpatient co-rounding model was implemented in September 2021 for hospitalized pts with solid malignancies at a tertiary medical center. Attending physicians, nurse practitioners, fellows, and residents from oncologic consulting services met virtually twice weekly to discuss pt care. Providers from the two most common primary services for pts with cancer at this hospital (hospital medicine and neurosurgery) were surveyed via institutional email listservs. The survey included Likert-type questions about the quality of inpatient consultation and the alignment of recommendations across three consulting oncological specialty services. The pre-intervention survey was distributed prior to model implementation, and the post-intervention survey was distributed 9 months later. Wilcoxon rank-sum tests were used to compare responses from the pre-and post-intervention surveys.

RESULTS: At each session, a median of 6 providers attended (range, 4-8 providers), and a median of 6 pts were discussed (range, 4-8 pts). Among 331 providers surveyed, 119 completed the pre-intervention survey (36% response rate), and 34 completed the post-intervention survey (10% response rate). Respondents were 81 (53%) internal medicine attending physicians/hospitalists, 55 (36%) internal medicine resident physicians, 6 (4%) neurosurgery advanced practice providers, 6 (4%) neurosurgery attending physicians, and 5 (3%) neurosurgery resident physicians. When asked to rate agreement with the statement that consultant recommendations from medical-, neuro-, and radiation-oncology were aligned, respondents were significantly more likely to perceive alignment 9 months post-implementation (67% strongly agree) compared to pre-implementation (23% strongly agree, p = 0.0001). There was high satisfaction with the quality of medical-, neuro-, and radiation-oncology consultations at both time points, with no statistical difference pre- vs. post-implementation of the co-rounding model.

CONCLUSION: A novel inpatient co-rounding model of care was successfully launched between medical-, neuro-, and radiation-oncology. Primary teams perceived greater alignment in recommendations between these consulting services after project implementation. Future directions include evaluating the impact of this co-rounding model on patient outcomes.

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