Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Alterations of erythropoiesis in Covid-19 patients: prevalence of positive Coombs tests and iron metabolism.

BACKGROUND: For more than 2 years medical practice has been dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic. Atypical symptoms, such as frostbites and acrosyndromes, have appeared, and autoimmune anemias (some of which with cold agglutinins) have been described.

OBJECTIVES: We planned to study the prevalence of positive direct Coombs tests (DCTs) and hemolytic autoimmune anemia in patients infected with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its correlation with complications, and then investigate the impact of the infection on iron metabolism.

DESIGN: This is an observational, cross-sectional, single-center, exploratory study.

METHODS: We obtained Coombs tests in a population of 179 infected patients at the CHU of Liège. We then studied iron metabolism in some of these patients, by measuring serum ferritin, erythropoietin (EPO), erythroferrone and hepcidin.

RESULTS: We did not identify any case of autoimmune hemolysis. However, there was a 20.3% prevalence of positive DCT, mainly with IgG (91.7%). These patients, compared to DCT-negative patients, were not only more anemic and transfused, but also required more transfers to intensive care units and had longer hospital stays and mechanical ventilation. The pattern of anemia was consistent with the anemia of inflammation, showing elevated hepcidin and ferritin levels, while EPO and erythroferrone values were lower than expected at this degree of anemia. Erythroferrone was higher and Hb was lower in DCT-positive patients. Finally, we identified a correlation between iron parameters and complicated forms of infection.

CONCLUSION: Covid-19 patients suffered from inflammatory anemia with more severe forms of infection correlated to positive DCT status. This could potentially be of interest for future clinical practice.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app