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The Role of Maternal Personality Organization and of the p Factor in Predicting Parental Distress, the Quality of Parental Care, and Offspring's Dysregulation Symptoms.

BACKGROUND: It has been posited that parental distress, the quality of maternal care and offspring's dysregulation can be predicted by maternal maladaptive characteristics. However, only a few studies have considered mothers' personality organizations and features of the p factor in mothers as possible predictors of symptoms in their children.

METHODS: In a sample of N=524 subjects, this study evaluated the effect of mothers' personality organization and of the p factor on parental distress, parental care and offspring's dysregulation symptoms. Mothers filled out the IPO, the ASR, and the PSI-SF; children's teachers filled out the TRF; children were administered the PBI.

RESULTS: We found that different mother groups (neurotic, borderline, psychotic organization) have distinct impact on parental distress, quality of care, and children's dysregulation, mediated by the p factor.

CONCLUSION: This study can contribute to the understanding of the key factors underpinning mothers and children's psychopathology.

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