Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Ablation of Dual-Specificity Phosphatase 6 Protects against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease via Cytochrome P450 4A and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase.

Dual-specificity phosphatase 6 (DUSP6) is a specific phosphatase for mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). In this study, we used a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced murine nonalcoholic fatty liver disease model to investigate the role of DUSP6 in this disease. Wild-type (WT) and Dusp6-haploinsufficiency mice developed severe obesity and liver pathology consistent with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease when exposed to HFD. In contrast, Dusp6-knockout (KO) mice completely eliminated these phenotypes. Furthermore, primary hepatocytes isolated from WT mice exposed to palmitic and oleic acids exhibited abundant intracellular lipid accumulation, whereas hepatocytes from Dusp6-KO mice showed minimal lipid accumulation. Transcriptome analysis revealed significant down-regulation of genes encoding cytochrome P450 4A (CYP4A), known to promote ω-hydroxylation of fatty acids and hepatic steatosis, in Dusp6-KO hepatocytes compared with WT hepatocytes. Diminished CYP4A expression was observed in the liver of Dusp6-KO mice compared with WT and Dusp6-haploinsufficiency mice. Knockdown of DUSP6 in HepG2, a human liver-lineage cell line, also promoted a reduction of lipid accumulation, down-regulation of CYP4A, and up-regulation of phosphorylated/activated MAPK. Furthermore, inhibition of MAPK activity promoted lipid accumulation in DUSP6-knockdown HepG2 cells without affecting CYP4A expression, indicating that CYP4A expression is independent of MAPK activation. These findings highlight the significant role of DUSP6 in HFD-induced steatohepatitis through two distinct pathways involving CYP4A and MAPK.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app