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Group-based cardiac telerehabilitation interventions and health outcomes in coronary patients: A scoping review.

Clinical Rehabilitation 2023 September 22
OBJECTIVE: To explore the extent and type of evidence in relation to group-based cardiac telerehabilitation interventions and health outcomes in coronary artery disease patients.

DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted in August 2022 and July 2023 in databases including PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus and PsycINFO. The search process followed the scoping review methodology guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute for scoping reviews.

METHODS: The inclusion criteria were a peer-reviewed journal article published in English between 1 January 2017 and 15 August 2022 and updated to cover until 15 July 2023 concerning group-based cardiac telerehabilitation in adult coronary artery disease patients. All group-based cardiac telerehabilitation interventions and health outcome types were charted and summarized.

RESULTS: The researcher screened a total of 2089 articles, of which 22 were retained with a total of 1596 participants. Group-based cardiac telerehabilitation interventions were particularly useful for patients with multi-faceted technological applications and social support. The patients received guidance regarding cardiovascular disease risk factors. Physical fitness, psychological complaints and quality of life were often measured outcomes in the included studies.

CONCLUSIONS: This scoping review indicates the success of various rehabilitation interventions utilizing different technologies for coronary patients. Coronary patients were guided in making lifestyle changes, and positive findings were observed in the health outcomes measured after the telerehabilitation intervention. The findings of this review can provide valuable guidance for developing and evaluating sustainable group-based cardiac telerehabilitation programs that aim to benefit coronary patients.

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