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Impact of Umbilicus-Symphysis Pubis Distance on Technical Difficulties in Transabdominal Preperitoneal Hernia Repair (TAPP).

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has gained popularity due to its advantages over open procedures. However, technical challenges and anatomical variations can affect surgical outcomes. The umbilicus-symphysis pubis (USP) distance has been identified as a potential factor impacting laparoscopic operations. This study aims to investigate the association between USP distance, technical difficulties, and operative time in the transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) surgery.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 122 patients who underwent elective TAPP surgery. USP distance was measured, and surgical data were collected. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between USP distance and operative time.

RESULTS: Among the patients, 80 underwent unilateral hernia repair, and 42 underwent bilateral hernia repair. In unilateral repair, USP distance did not significantly affect operative time. However, in bilateral repair, there was a significant association between USP distance and operation time prolongation (P=0.039).

DISCUSSION: TAPP surgery presents challenges due to limited visualization and anatomical variations. Factors like USP distance can impact surgical outcomes. A shorter distance increases complexity, while a longer distance facilitates smoother procedures. Surgeons should consider USP distance during surgical planning to optimize outcomes.

CONCLUSION: The study findings indicate that USP distance is associated with prolonged operative time in TAPP bilateral hernia repair. Surgeons, especially those in the learning phase, can benefit from considering this relationship to optimize surgical outcomes and resource allocation. Further research is needed to validate these findings and explore additional factors influencing operative time in hernia repair surgeries.

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