Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Real-world experience of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in children, adolescents and adults with relapsed or refractory bone tumours: A Canadian Sarcoma Research and Clinical Collaboration (CanSaRCC) study.

Cancer Medicine 2023 September
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a retrospective multi-centre study to assess the real-world outcome of regorafenib (REGO) and cabozantinib (CABO) in recurrent/refractory bone tumours (BTs) including osteosarcoma (OST), Ewing sarcoma (EWS) and chondrosarcoma (CS)/extra-skeletal mesenchymal CS (ESMC).

METHODS: After regulatory approval, data from patients with recurrent BT (11 institutions) were extracted from CanSaRCC (Canadian Sarcoma Research and Clinical Collaboration) database. Patient characteristics, treatment and outcomes were collected. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

RESULTS: From July 2018 to May 2022, 66 patients received REGO or CABO; 39 OST, 18 EWS, 4 CS and 5 ESMC. Median age was 27.8 years (range 12-76); median starting dose was 60 mg for CABO (n = 37, range 40-60) and 120 mg for REGO (n = 29, range 40-160). Twenty-eight (42.4%) patients required dose reduction: hand-foot syndrome 7 (10.6%), nausea/vomiting 1 (1.5%), diarrhoea 1 (1.5%), 2 elevated LFTs (3%), elevated bilirubin 1 (1.5%) and mucositis 1 (1.5%). The median OS for patients with OST, EWS, CS and ESMC was 8.5 months (n = 39, 95% CI 7-13.1); 13.4 months (n = 18, 95% CI 3.4-27.2), 8.1 (n = 4, 95% CI 4.1-9.3) and 18.2 (n = 5, 95% CI (10.4-na), respectively. Median PFS for OST, EWS, CS and ECMS was 3.5 (n = 39, 95% CI 2.8-5), 3.9 (n = 18, 95% CI 2.1-5.9), 5.53 (n = 4. 95% CI 2.13-NA) and 11.4 (n = 5, 95% CI 1.83-14.7), respectively. Age, line of therapy, REGO versus CABO, or time from diagnosis to initiation of TKI were not associated with PFS on univariable analysis.

CONCLUSION: Our real-world data show that TKIs have meaningful activity in recurrent BT with acceptable toxicities when started at modified dosing. Inclusion of TKIs in earlier lines of treatment and/or maintenance therapy could be questions for future research.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app