Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Patients hospitalized with alcohol-related liver disease and prior bariatric surgery are more prone to develop acute-on-chronic liver failure.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with a history of bariatric surgery (BS) are susceptible to developing alcohol use disorder. We and others have previously shown that these patients can develop severe alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD). Our aim was to describe the demographics, co-morbidities and mortality of a hospitalized population diagnosed with alcohol-related liver disease, in relation to BS.

METHODS: We included 299 patients hospitalized with ARLD at the Ghent University Hospital between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2022. Clinical, biochemical and outcome data were retrospectively retrieved from the most recent hospitalization. Statistical analysis was performed using the t test, Mann-Whitney U and χ2 tests.

RESULTS: Thirteen per cent (39/299) of patients admitted with ARLD had a history of bariatric surgery, of whom 25 (64.1%) had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Patients with a history of BS were predominantly female (76.9%), in contrast to the non-BS population (29.2%) (p < .0001), and despite being significantly younger (p < .0001) and had a similar survival (61.5% vs. 58.1%). Bariatric surgery and older age at diagnosis were both significantly associated with poorer transplant-free survival. The cause of death was acute-on-chronic liver failure in 73.3% of BS patients, compared to only 19.2% of those without a history of BS (p < .0001). The weekly amount of alcohol consumed (p = .012) and duration of use (p < .0001) were significantly lower/shorter in the BS population.

CONCLUSIONS: BS patients hospitalized with ARLD are predominantly younger women with a lower cumulative alcohol consumption compared to those without prior BS. BS impacted transplant-free survival, with ACLF as the predominant cause of death in these patients.

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