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Complications and Avoidance in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery.

Adult spinal deformity (ASD) is a complex disease that can result in significant disability. Although surgical treatment has been shown to be of benefit, the complication rate in the perioperative and postoperative periods can be as high as 70%. Some of the most common complications of ASD surgery include intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak, high blood loss, new neurologic deficit, hardware failure, proximal junctional kyphosis/failure, pseudarthrosis, surgical site infection, and medical complications. For each of these complications, one or more strategies can be utilized to avoid and/or minimize the consequences.

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