JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Cold Atmospheric Plasma: A Promising and Safe Therapeutic Strategy for Atopic Dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Microbial infection, immune system dysfunction, and skin barrier defunctionalization have been regarded as the central events in AD pathogenesis. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is an unbound system composed of many free electrons, ions, and neutral particles, with macroscopic time and spatial scales. Based on dielectric barrier discharge, glow discharge, corona discharge, or arch discharge, CAP is generated at normal atmospheric pressure. Its special physical properties maintain its temperature at 20°C-40°C, combining the advantages of high safety and strong ionic activity. CAP has been tentatively used in inflammatory or pruritic skin disorders such as psoriasis, pruritus, and ichthyosis. Increasing data suggest that CAP can attack the microbial structure due to its unique effects, such as heat, ultraviolet radiation, and free radicals, resulting in its inactivation. Meanwhile, CAP regulates reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in and out of the cells, thereby improving cell immunocompetence. In addition, CAP has a beneficial effect on the skin barrier function via changing the skin lipid contents and increasing the skin permeability to drugs. This review summarizes the potential effects of CAP on the major pathogenic causes of AD and discusses the safety of CAP application in dermatology in order to expand the clinical application value of CAP to AD.

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