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Mean arterial pressure and mortality in patients with heart failure: a retrospective analysis of Zigong heart failure database.

Blood Pressure Monitoring 2023 September 15
BACKGROUND: It is commonly observed that a higher target of mean arterial pressure (MAP) is in previous studies. This study assessed the association of MAP with short-term mortality in heart failure (HF) patients.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using data from Hospitalized patients with heart failure: integrating electronic healthcare records and external outcome database(v1.2). The characteristic of patients was described by 3 groups of MAP: below 80 mmHg, 80-100 mmHg, and above 100 mmHg. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relevance between MAP and all-cause mortality within 28 days and 6 months. For assessing the effect of multiple variables on patient survival time, 28-day and 6-month, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Forest plot were performed.

RESULTS: The overall cohort comprised 2008 patients divided by MAP into 3 groups, each group had 344 (17.1%), 938 (46.7%), and 726 (36.2%) patients. Patients in MAP < 80 mmHg group had higher mortality than MAP 80-100 mmHg and MAP ≥ 100 mmHg in 28 days(3.8% versus 1.6% versus 1.2%) and in 6 months (4.9% versus 2.5% versus 2.3%). Univariate analysis showed that MAP as a continuous variate was associated with 28-day (OR was 0.98, 95% CIs: 0.96-0.99, P = 0.011) and 6-month mortality (OR was 0.98, 95% CIs: 0.97-1, P = 0.021) in HF patients. Model 4 put into multivariate logistic regression analyses showed MAP 80-100 mmHg (OR was 0.13, 95% CIs: 0.02-0.8, P = 0.027) stably associated with 28-day and 6-month mortality after adjusted covariable. Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed a higher survival rate in the MAP ≥ 80 mmHg group than in the MAP < 80 mmHg group. The forest plot showed the stable effect of MAP ≥ 80 mmHg compared with MAP < 80 mmHg, the interaction analysis had no statistical significance effect between the two groups of MAP and multi-variable.

CONCLUSION: It is indicated that MAP was independently associated with 28-day, 6-month all-cause mortality of HF patients, and compared with MAP < 80 mmHg, MAP ≥ 80 mmHg had a lower risk of 28-day, 6-month all-cause mortality of patients with HF.

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