Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Eight-Year Outcomes of Bilateral Lateral Rectus Recessions versus Unilateral Recession-Resection in Childhood Basic-Type Intermittent Exotropia.

Ophthalmology 2023 September 10
PURPOSE: To report 8-year outcomes from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession (BLRc) with unilateral recession-resection (R&R) for childhood intermittent exotropia (IXT).

DESIGN: Eight-year follow-up of RCT cohort.

PARTICIPANTS: Of 197 randomized participants, 123 agreed to continue follow-up after the 3-year outcome visit (baseline age, 3-< 11 years; basic-type IXT, 15-40 prism diopters [Δ] by prism and alternate cover test [PACT]; baseline stereoacuity, ≤ 400 arcsec; no prior surgery).

METHODS: After the RCT primary outcome at 3 years, annual follow-up from 4 through 8 years with treatment at investigator discretion.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Suboptimal surgical outcome by 8 years after randomization, defined as any of the following at any visit: exotropia of 10 Δ or more by simultaneous prism cover test (SPCT) at distance or near, constant esotropia (ET) of 6 Δ or more by SPCT at distance or near, loss of near stereoacuity by 0.6 log arcsec or more from baseline, or reoperation. Secondary outcomes included (1) reoperation by 8 years and (2) complete or near-complete resolution at 8 years, defined as exodeviation of less than 10 Δ by SPCT and PACT at distance and near and 10 Δ or more reduction from baseline by PACT at distance and near, ET of less than 6 Δ at distance and near, no decrease in stereoacuity by 0.6 log arcsec or more from baseline, and no reoperation or nonsurgical treatment for IXT.

RESULTS: The Kaplan-Meier cumulative probability of suboptimal surgical outcome through 8 years was 68% (55 events among 101 at risk) for BLRc and 53% (42 events among 96 at risk) for R&R (difference, 15%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -2% to 32%; P = 0.08). Complete or near-complete resolution at 8 years occurred in 15% (7/46) for BLRc and 37% (16/43) for R&R (difference, -22%; 95% CI, -44% to -0.1%; P = 0.049). The cumulative probability of reoperation was 30% for BLRc and 11% for R&R (difference, 19%; 95% CI, 2%-36%; P = 0.049).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite no significant difference for the primary outcome, the 95% CI did not exclude a moderate benefit of R&R, which together with secondary outcomes suggests that unilateral R&R followed by usual care may yield better long-term outcomes than BLRc followed by usual care for basic-type childhood IXT using these surgical doses.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app