Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Do Children With Medicaid Insurance Have Increased Revision Rates 5 Years After Posterior Spinal Fusions?

BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic disparities in musculoskeletal care are increasingly recognized, however, no studies to date have investigated the role of the insurance carrier on outcomes after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with segmental spinal instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

METHODS: A US insurance dataset was queried using the PearlDiver Mariner software for all patients aged 10 to 18 undergoing PSF for a primary diagnosis of AIS between 2010 and 2020. Age, sex, geographic region, number of levels fused, and baseline medical comorbidities were queried. Complications occurring within 90 days of the index surgery were queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes. Revision surgery was also queried up to 5 years after the index PSF. Categorical variables were compared using the Fisher χ2 tests and continuous variables were compared using independent t tests. All-cause revision within 5 years was compared using the Kaplan-Meier analysis and a log-rank test. Significance was set at P-value <0.05.

RESULTS: A total of 10,794 patients were identified with 9006 (83.4%) patients with private insurance and 1788 (16.6%) patients insured by Medicaid. The mean follow-up in the database was 5.36±3 years for patients with private insurance and 4.78±2.9 years for patients with Medicaid insurance (P<0.001). Children with AIS and Medicaid insurance had a significantly higher prevalence of asthma, hypertension, and obesity. A larger percentage of children with Medicaid insurance (41.3%) underwent a ≥13-level PSF compared with privately insured children (34.5%) (P<0.001). Medicaid patients did not experience higher odds of postoperative complications; in addition, revision surgeries occurred in 1.1% and 1.8% of patients with private insurance and Medicaid insurance, respectively at 5 years postoperatively (P=0.223).

CONCLUSION: Despite worse baseline comorbidities and longer fusion constructs, AIS patients insured with Medicaid did not have higher rates of complications or revisions at 5-year follow-up versus privately insured patients.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III-retrospective cohort study.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app