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Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Is Associated with Atopic Dermatitis in Korean Adolescents.

INTRODUCTION: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Several studies have investigated the relationship between obesity and AD prevalence, but the results have been conflicting. This study investigated the association between obesity and AD in Korean adolescents.

METHODS: We used nationally representative data regarding 1,617 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years, which were obtained from the cross-sectional Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2017-2019. Multiple logistic regression analysis (including age, sex, region of residence, number of household members, economic status, lipid profile, and stress level) was used to evaluate the relationships of obesity and abdominal obesity with doctor-diagnosed AD.

RESULTS: Although the results were not statistically significant, obese adolescents were diagnosed with AD (20.8%) more often than non-obese adolescents (20.8% vs. 14.5%, p = 0.055). This tendency was more prominent in male adolescents than in female adolescents, but the finding was not statistically significant. Body mass index and the prevalence of abdominal obesity did not differ between the AD and non-AD groups. Adolescents with AD had significantly higher total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, compared with adolescents who did not have AD. In the adjusted model, an LDL-C level ≥130 mg/dL was a risk factor for AD (adjusted odds ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.05).

CONCLUSIONS: A high LDL-C level may be a risk factor for AD. Proper management of dyslipidemia through lifestyle modification may aid in AD prevention and control. Further large-scale prospective studies are needed to assess the associations of AD with obesity and dyslipidemia.

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