Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Evaluation of Social Determinants of Health on Dysphagia Care Pathways at a Tertiary Care Facility.

Laryngoscope 2023 September 9
OBJECTIVES: Limited research exists evaluating the impact of social determinants of health in influencing care pathways for patients with dysphagia. A better understanding of whether these determinants correlate to altered care and resource utilization is essential as it relates to patient outcomes.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review.

METHODS: All adult patients seen at a tertiary midwestern hospital were screened for ICD codes of dysphagia diagnoses from 2009 to 2019. Demographic information was collected from these patients with dysphagia including sex, race, ethnicity, and insurance status. Subgroup analysis was performed to assess referral pattern rates and types of diagnostic interventions ordered (none, videofluoroscopic swallow study, esophagram, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy).

RESULTS: A total of 31,858 patients with dysphagia were seen at our institution during the study period, with a majority being female (56.36%), Caucasian (79.83%), and publicly insured (63.16%), at a median age of 60.35 years. There were no significant care delivery pattern differences based on geography/zip code analyses. African American patients were significantly more likely to have imaging or interventions performed (odds ratio [OR] 1.463, p = 0.005). Patients with public insurance also had higher rates of diagnostic study utilization (OR 1.53, p = 0.01). Only 3% of all patients with dysphagia were seen by laryngologists.

CONCLUSION: No significant differences were seen in dysphagia evaluation modalities based on zip code analyses surrounding this tertiary care facility. African American patients and those with public insurance had significantly higher utilization of subsequent testing and intervention for dysphagia care. Further studies are necessary to delineate causes and outcome differences for these measurable differences in dysphagia care pathways.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV Laryngoscope, 2023.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app