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Comparison between CT volumetry, technetium 99m galactosyl-serum-albumin scintigraphy, and gadoxetic-acid-enhanced MRI to estimate the liver fibrosis stage in preoperative patients.

European Radiology 2023 September 8
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of computed tomography volumetry (CTV), technetium99m galactosyl-serum-albumin (99m Tc-GSA) scintigraphy, and gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic-acid-enhanced MRI (EOB-MRI) in estimating the liver fibrosis (LF) stage in patients undergoing liver resection.

METHODS: This retrospective study included 91 consecutive patients who had undergone preoperative dynamic CT and 99m Tc-GSA scintigraphy. EOB-MRI was performed in 76 patients. CTV was used to measure the total liver volume (TLV), spleen volume (SV), normalised to the body surface area (BSA), and liver-to-spleen volume ratio (TLV/SV). 99m Tc-GSA scintigraphy provided LHL15, HH15, and GSA indices. The liver-to-spleen ratio (LSR) was calculated in the hepatobiliary phase of EOB-MRI. Hyaluronic acid and type 4 collagen levels were measured in 65 patients. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed to identify useful parameters for estimating the LF stage and laboratory data.

RESULTS: According to the multivariable logistic regression analysis, SV/BSA (odds ratio [OR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.003-1.02; p = 0.011), LSR (OR, 0.06; 95%CI, 0.004-0.70; p = 0.026), and hyaluronic acid (OR, 1.01; 95%CI, 1.001-1.02; p = 0.024) were independent variables for severe LF (F3-4). Combined SV/BSA, LSR, and hyaluronic acid correctly estimated severe LF, with an AUC of 0.91, which was significantly larger than the AUCs of the GSA index (AUC = 0.84), SV/BSA (AUC = 0.83), or LSR (AUC = 0.75) alone.

CONCLUSIONS: Combined CTV, EOB-MRI, and hyaluronic acid analyses improved the estimation accuracy of severe LF compared to CTV, EOB-MRI, or 99m Tc-GSA scintigraphy individually.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The combined analysis of spleen volume on CT volumetry, liver-to-spleen ratio on gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic-acid-enhanced MRI, and hyaluronic acid can identify severe liver fibrosis associated with a high risk of liver failure after hepatectomy and recurrence in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

KEY POINTS: • Spleen volume of CT volumetry normalised to the body surface area, liver-to-spleen ratio of EOB-MRI, and hyaluronic acid were independent variables for liver fibrosis. • CT volumetry and EOB-MRI enable the detection of severe liver fibrosis, which may correlate with post-hepatectomy liver failure and complications. • Combined CT volumetry, gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic-acid-enhanced MRI (EOB-MRI), and hyaluronic acid analyses improved the estimation of severe liver fibrosis compared to technetium99m galactosyl-serum-albumin scintigraphy.

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