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Retrospective chart review of transplant recipients with cytomegalovirus infection who received maribavir in the Phase 3 SOLSTICE trial: Data at 52 weeks post-maribavir treatment initiation.

Antiviral Therapy 2023 October
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a frequent complication in haematopoietic cell/solid organ transplant (HCT/SOT) recipients. Previous studies report all-cause mortality rates of 31% and 50% in HCT/SOT recipients post-treatment initiation with conventional anti-CMV therapies for refractory or resistant CMV.

METHODS: This was a multi-country, retrospective medical chart review study of HCT/SOT recipients with refractory CMV infection with or without resistance (R/R) who were randomized to the maribavir arm in the open-label Phase 3 SOLSTICE trial. Patients came from 21 SOLSTICE sites across 6 countries; each site randomized ≥3 patients to the maribavir arm. Patients were followed for 52 weeks (SOLSTICE trial period: 20 weeks; follow-up chart review period: 32 weeks). The primary outcomes were mortality and graft status.

RESULTS: Of 234 patients who were randomized and received maribavir in SOLSTICE, chart abstraction was completed for all 109 patients enrolled across 21 trial sites (SOT, 68/142; HCT, 41/92). At 52 weeks, overall mortality was 15.6% (17/109) and survival probability was 0.84. Among SOT recipients, survival probability was 0.96, and 3 (4.4%) deaths occurred during the chart review period. For the HCT recipients, survival probability was 0.65 with 14 (34.1%) deaths; 8 occurred during SOLSTICE and 6 during the chart review period. No new graft loss or re-transplantation occurred during the chart review period.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall mortality at 52 weeks post-maribavir treatment initiation in this sub-cohort of patients from the SOLSTICE trial was lower than that previously reported for similar populations treated with conventional therapies for R/R cytomegalovirus infection.

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