JOURNAL ARTICLE
META-ANALYSIS
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Microsurgical clipping and endovascular intervention for middle cerebral artery aneurysm: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2023 August 26
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare the prognosis and effective rate of interventional embolization and surgical clipping in the treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysms, to provide evidence-based basis for the selection of clinical treatment.

METHODS: By searching PubMed, Cochrane library, Medline, Embase and other databases, we collected the related studies interventional embolization and surgical clipping in the treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysms, whether it was a randomized controlled trial or not. According to the relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria, 2 researchers independently screened and extracted the relevant data. Quality of life, residual neck and recurrence rate, incidence of ischemic cerebral infarction, intracranial infection rate, incidence of vasospasm and rebleeding rate were measured. Revman5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis.

RESULTS: There were 3658 patients included in 30 literatures, including 1478 patients treated with interventional embolization and 2180 patients treated with surgical clipping. The rate of low quality of life (odds ratio [OR] = 1.68, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.36-2.07, P < .00001) and intracranial infection rate (OR = 8.79,95% CI: 4.47-17.27, P < .00001) in the interventional embolization group were lower than those in the surgical clipping group. The postoperative rebleeding rate (OR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.29-0.73, P = .0009), residual neck and recurrence rate (OR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.24-0.43, P < .00001) in the interventional embolization group were higher than those in the surgical clipping group. The heterogeneity of residual neck and recurrence rate were high, so subgroup analysis was performed. We divide them into short-term group (OR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.40-1.13, P = .13) and long-term group (OR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.16-0.33, P < .00001). The results showed that the residual neck and recurrence rate in the interventional embolization group were higher than those in the surgical clipping group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of cerebral vasospasm (OR = 1.09, 95% CI: 0.64-1.86, P = .74) and ischemic stroke (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.63-1.19, P = .37) between the 2 treatments.

CONCLUSION: According to the current clinical research evidence, compared with interventional embolization in the treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysms, the quality of life of patients after clipping is lower, the incidence of intracranial infection is higher, but the residual neck, and recurrence rate are reduced. The risk of rebleeding is also reduced. There was no significant difference in the incidence of vasospasm and ischemic stroke between the 2 groups.

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