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Development and validation of core entrustable professional activities for abdominal radiology.

Insights Into Imaging 2023 August 30
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate European entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for sub-specialised hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal (HB/GI) diagnostic imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both European Society of Radiology and national curricula in HB/GI diagnostic radiology were thoroughly reviewed, resulting in preliminary EPAs drafted by a pilot group of expert radiologists in 2 different countries. Each EPA was fully described with 7 components (Specification/limitations; Potential risks of failing; Relevant domains of competence; Required experience, knowledge, skills, attitude and behaviour; Assessment information sources to assess progress and ground a summative entrustment decision; Entrustment for which level of supervision is to be reached; and Expiration date). The modified Delphi method with 3 Delphi rounds was chosen for validation. Content validity index (CVI) and median values were used for validation.

RESULTS: There were 15 preliminary EPAs, some of them divided according to 2 levels: resident and fellow level. The 37 members of the Delphi group were based in 2 different European countries with a background experience of 10 represented countries. Subsequent to the first Delphi round, 6 EPAs were accepted (CVI ≥ 0.8, median ≥ 4), 6 needed major revisions (CVI 0.7-0.79, median ≥ 4), 3 were rejected (CVI < 0.7) and 1 was added. After the second Delphi round, both the 6 revised EPAs and the additional one met the validation criteria (CVI ≥ 0.8, median ≥ 4). Finally, 13 EPAs were validated during the 3rd Delphi round with an agreement percentage of 95-100%.

CONCLUSION: This study creates and validates EPAs for sub-specialised HB/GI diagnostic imaging.

CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Thirteen EPAs for sub-specialised hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal diagnostic imaging were created with a strong methodology, and as a first example set in sub-specialised diagnostic imaging, they provide a template for others to be created.

KEY POINTS: • The competence-based teaching in medical studies has recently been reintroduced through EPAs. • Thirteen EPAs have been developed for hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal sub-specialised diagnostic imaging. • These EPAs were validated using a Delphi modified method and provide a template for other to be created.

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