Fungal Endocarditis: A Rare Cause of Left Ventricular Outflow Obstruction.
A 53-year-old male presented with worsening fever, chest pain, and dyspnea during the past 2 weeks. He was hypoxic, tachycardic, and hypotensive on admission. Labs were notable for high-sensitivity troponin of 657 pg/mL and B-type natriuretic peptide of 1,648 pg/mL. Chest imaging was consistent with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an ejection fraction of 30% to 35% and a mobile 1.5 cm x 1.6 cm hyperechoic mass on the ventricular surface of the aortic valve (AV) with left ventricular outflow obstruction and mean pressure gradient of 38.7 mm Hg and maximum velocity of 3.64 m/s. The patient was initiated on empiric antibiotic and antifungal therapy. Cardiothoracic surgery was consulted for urgent AV repair. Blood cultures were positive for Candida metapsilosis , and intravenous fluconazole and micafungin were initiated. Despite aggressive and prompt medical management, the patient sustained cerebral embolic events in the middle cerebral artery territory and passed away.
All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.
Your Privacy Choices