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Fungal Endocarditis: A Rare Cause of Left Ventricular Outflow Obstruction.

A 53-year-old male presented with worsening fever, chest pain, and dyspnea during the past 2 weeks. He was hypoxic, tachycardic, and hypotensive on admission. Labs were notable for high-sensitivity troponin of 657 pg/mL and B-type natriuretic peptide of 1,648 pg/mL. Chest imaging was consistent with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed an ejection fraction of 30% to 35% and a mobile 1.5 cm x 1.6 cm hyperechoic mass on the ventricular surface of the aortic valve (AV) with left ventricular outflow obstruction and mean pressure gradient of 38.7 mm Hg and maximum velocity of 3.64 m/s. The patient was initiated on empiric antibiotic and antifungal therapy. Cardiothoracic surgery was consulted for urgent AV repair. Blood cultures were positive for Candida metapsilosis , and intravenous fluconazole and micafungin were initiated. Despite aggressive and prompt medical management, the patient sustained cerebral embolic events in the middle cerebral artery territory and passed away.

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