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Evaluation of PRF and PLA-PGA Membrane Along with Hydroxyapatite Crystal Collagen Fibers Bone Graft in the Treatment of Infrabony Defects.

AIM: The present study was carried out to compare the effectiveness of leukocyte platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) membrane and polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid (PLA-PGA) membrane along with hydroxyapatite crystal collagen fibers bone graft in the treatment of human infrabony defects using cone beam computed tomography.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 systemically healthy patients was chosen which were found appropriate after initial therapy. Each group comprises of 14 defects, according to randomized parallel design. The group A was managed by hydroxyapatite crystal collagen fibers bone graft in conjunction with L-PRF membrane, while group B was treated by hydroxyapatite crystal collagen fibers bone graft in conjunction with PLA-PGA membrane. Clinical and radiographic measurements were recorded at baseline and 6 months postoperatively.

RESULTS: Statically significant difference was seen in mean probing pocket depth (PPD), mean R-CAL, and DD from baseline to 6 months in group A and group B but there was no statically significant difference in mean PPD reduction (0.35 ± 1.90 mm), mean R-CAL gain (0.28 ± 1.85 mm) and DD reduction (0.12 ± 1.42 mm) seen at 6 months when compared between both the groups.

CONCLUSION: At 6 months post-surgery both treatment modalities demonstrated statistically significant improvements with regards to CAL gains, PPD reduction, and reduction in radiographic defect depth.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane and PLA-PGA membrane along with hydroxyapatite crystal collagen fibers bone graft are useful in the treatment of infrabony defect. Platelet-rich fibrin membrane with hydroxyapatite crystal collagen fibers bone graft have shown to be better in regeneration of bony defect as PRF membrane has growth factors which help in bone regeneration.

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