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Blood Pressure in Children with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due To 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) leads to impaired glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid synthesis with excess production of androgens. Replication of the normal circadian cortisol secretion is challenging and supraphysiological doses of glucocorticoids are often required. Most patients experience transient episodes of hyper- and hypocortisolaemia during the day leading to adverse metabolic outcomes such as insulin resistance, visceral adiposity and cardiovascular morbidity, including hypertension. These health problems are commonly diagnosed in adolescence and adulthood. Herein, we review the published data on the variation in blood pressure in CAH due to 21OHD and the interrelation with disease and treatment factors.

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