CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Loss of BAP1 Protein Expression by Immunohistochemistry in the Salivary Duct Carcinoma Component of an Intracapsular Carcinoma ex Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Parotid Gland.

BACKGROUND: BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) is a tumor suppressor gene that is altered in a variety of neoplasms as well as in BAP1 tumor predisposition syndrome. BAP1 alterations are associated with aggressive behavior in some malignancies and may have treatment implications in future. We present the first documented case of loss of BAP1 protein expression by immunohistochemistry in the salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) component of an intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) in the context of molecular loss of function of BAP1 in the neoplasm.

METHODS: A woman of approximately 55 years of age presented with a deep parotid lobe mass, which was resected and found to be CXPA. BAP1 immunohistochemistry and next-generation sequencing was performed to further characterize the neoplasm.

RESULTS: The neoplasm showed loss of BAP1 protein expression in the SDC component but retention in the residual pleomorphic adenoma (PA). Next-generation sequencing confirmed a BAP1 loss of function alteration in the neoplasm.

CONCLUSION: This is the first documented case report of BAP1 protein expression loss in the SDC component of a CXPA. Future studies are needed to investigate the relevance of BAP1 alterations in SDC and CXPA, which may have prognostic and treatment implications.

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