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An easy-to-use semi-automatic volumetric evaluation for secondary bone grafting in patients with unilateral alveolar cleft.

Congenital Anomalies 2023 August 17
Surgical intervention for alveolar bone formation is important in patients with alveolar cleft; however, the treatment methods and materials are still controversial. A precise evaluation method for postoperative bone formation is important for comparing outcomes and establishing the best treatment protocol. The purpose of this study is to establish a new method of evaluating surgical outcomes for patients with alveolar cleft. Computed tomography datasets from 20 patients who underwent secondary alveolar bone grafting were obtained before and 1 year after surgery. Six anatomical landmarks were used to superimpose the preoperative and mirrored preoperative volume and postoperative volume data. The cleft region was segmented by subtracting the preoperative from mirrored preoperative volume data, and the failed osteogenesis region was segmented by subtracting the postoperative volume data from the cleft region; subsequently, the bone formation ratio was calculated. Two observers performed this method using a free software 3D slicer and the average evaluation times were 12.7 and 13.2 min for observers 1 and 2, respectively. Method reliability was determined by evaluating intraclass correlation coefficients. The intra-observer intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.97 and 0.96 for observers 1 and 2, respectively. The inter-observer intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.97. Our method is practical for assessing bone formation after treatment, which does not require specific knowledge or software and can be used by ordinary physicians.

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