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Problematic alcohol use and food and alcohol disturbance in mothers: Examining the role of stress, body dissatisfaction, and wine-mom culture engagement.

Alcohol 2023 August 8
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, women have significantly closed the alcohol use gender gap-and they are drinking more heavily now than in previous decades (Hasin et al., 2019; Keyes et al., 2019). Furthermore, "wine-mom" culture (which promotes the use of alcohol to cope with the stressors of parenthood) has become increasingly prevalent in society and may be a factor in mothers' alcohol use. In the present study, we examined wine-mom-consistent drinking (whether mothers' alcohol use corresponds to that promoted by wine-mom culture) as a moderator in the relationship between psychosocial predictors (stress, body dissatisfaction) and alcohol-related outcomes (problematic alcohol use, food and alcohol disturbance-FAD).

METHOD: Participants were mothers (Mage = 40.18, SD = 8.28) recruited through Prolific from both the United States and the United Kingdom (n = 466; 50% from the US and UK each); they completed the study via a Qualtrics survey.

RESULTS: In the models tested, stress interacted with wine-mom-consistent drinking in predicting FAD (alcohol effects and restriction dimensions) and body dissatisfaction interacted with wine-mom-consistent drinking in predicting the FAD restriction dimension. Compared to those who did not endorse wine-mom-consistent drinking, the relationship between the predictors and the FAD dimensions was stronger among participants who endorsed wine-mom-consistent drinking. Body dissatisfaction and wine-mom-consistent drinking also emerged as significant independent predictors in some of the models.

CONCLUSION: Wine-mom-consistent drinking is associated with problematic alcohol use and FAD among mothers. Further research is needed to better understand wine-mom culture and related psychosocial factors in mothers' drinking motives and behaviors.

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