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Youth intentions to provide social support to a peer with a concussion.

Brain Injury 2023 August 9
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe demographic factors, concussion knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, self-efficacy and intentions to provide social support to a peer with a concussion and 2) to examine if demographic factors and concussion knowledge are associated with components of the Theory of Planned Behavior.

METHODS: The survey was completed between October 2018 and February 2019 by 200 youth ( M  = 15.30 years, SD  = 1.52). Questions were designed for athletes and non-athletes and inquired about various types of social support. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon Rank Sum Tests and Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficients.

RESULTS: More favorable attitudes and intentions to provide social support were observed among females (W = 2576, p  ≤ 0.001; W = 2411, p  ≤ 0.001), older youth (rho = 0.32, p  ≤ 0.001; rho = 0.41, p  ≤ 0.001) and those with higher concussion knowledge (rho = 0.29, p  ≤ 0.001; rho = 0.22; p  ≤ 0.001). Participating in sports with a high-risk of concussion was associated with lower attitudes and intentions to provide social support (W = 6677; p  ≤ 0.001; W = 6721; p  ≤ 0.001). Self-reported concussion history or knowing someone with a concussion history was not significantly associated with social support intentions.

CONCLUSION: This study identified characteristics of youth who had positive intentions to provide social support. These findings identify individuals who may model providing social support to a peer, as well as opportunities for future concussion education.

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