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Application of Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography Combined With BRAFV600E Mutation for the Diagnosis of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Ultrasound Quarterly 2023 August 4
This prospective study aimed to investigate the combination of shear wave elastography (SWE) and BRAFV600E mutation testing for the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). One hundred thyroid nodules with an American College of Radiology thyroid imaging reporting and data system classification of 4 or 5 were subjected to SWE measurement, BRAFV600E genotyping, fine-needle aspiration, and surgery. Nonparametric statistical tests were used to compare the differences in the elastic parameters and BRAF genotypes between benign and malignant thyroid nodules of PTC, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was conducted to compare the diagnostic efficacy. In addition, the correlations between elastic parameters and BRAFV600E mutation in PTC were analyzed using binary logistic regression. The SWE, BRAFV600E, and their combination exhibited sensitivities of 72.9%, 81.3%, and 85.4%, respectively, and specificities of 66.7%, 90.3%, and 86.5%, respectively, in the diagnosis of PTC (P < 0.05). The SWE, BRAFV600E, and their combination exhibited sensitivities of 50.0%, 24.1% and 56.3%, respectively, and specificities of 89.7%, 87.5% and 82.8%, respectively, in the diagnosis of central cervical lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). The combined use of SWE and BRAFV600E detection had the largest area under the curve, indicating that this combination is more effective in diagnosing PTC and lymph node metastasis in the central region than either method alone. Furthermore, Emax was positively associated with the BRAFV600E genotype. In conclusion, the combination of SWE and BRAFV600E genotype detection can improve the diagnostic efficacy for PTC. Emax can predict the BRAFV600E mutation status.

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