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Outcomes After Revision Posterior Shoulder Capsulolabral Repair in Adolescent Athletes.

BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the outcomes of posterior arthroscopic capsulolabral repair in adolescents, especially with regard to outcomes after revision repair.

HYPOTHESIS: Adolescent athletes who undergo revision arthroscopic posterior unidirectional capsulolabral repair will have similar outcomes and return to play when compared with adolescent athletes who underwent primary arthroscopic posterior unidirectional capsulolabral repair.

STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.

METHODS: Data were reviewed from patients who underwent posterior shoulder stabilization between 2000 and 2019 and had a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Patients <11 and >19 years of age and those with multidirectional instability were excluded. Revision surgery was defined as repeat arthroscopic posterior capsular repair. The ability to return to sport (and level of sport), clinical outcomes scores (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons [ASES] and visual analog scale for pain), and patient-reported perception of range of motion, strength, and satisfaction were recorded. Comparisons between the primary and revision cohorts were made using the chi-square or the Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS: Included were 180 adolescent patients (182 shoulders) who underwent a primary unidirectional posterior stabilization, with an average follow-up of 6.1 years. Of these patients, 17 patients required revision surgery (9.3% revision rate). At the final follow-up, patients who underwent revision surgery returned to sport at similar rates to those who did not (70.6% vs 85.9%; P = .095) and were similarly likely to return to their presurgery level of play (41.1% vs 23.7%; P = .10). The no-revision patients had higher ASES scores (76.1 vs 87.1; P = .007) as well as less pain and improved subjective range of motion scores. However, both groups had similar subjective strength scores, and both reported that surgical repair was satisfactory (no revision, 93.2% vs revision, 88.2%; P = .45).

CONCLUSION: Adolescent athletes had a low risk of revision surgery and frequently returned to play after arthroscopic posterior capsulolabral repair, often at a lower level of play. Those who required revision surgery had poorer outcome scores but still reported a high rate of satisfaction.

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